Full Picture

Extension usage examples:

Here's how our browser extension sees the article:
Appears moderately imbalanced

Article summary:

1. Electrochromic devices (ECDs) are in high demand for their reversible changes in optical properties upon electrical stimulus, and solution-phase ECDs have advantages such as self-bleaching and simple device structures.

2. Viologens, specifically the radical cation species, are widely used as electrochromic materials due to their high optical contrast and solubility in solutions or gels. A novel viologen derivative (DPB) was synthesized with an A-D-A structure that stabilized the radical cation and resulted in a bathochromic shift.

3. Phosphate groups were introduced into viologens to potentially contribute to electron transfer and stabilize radicals, while lithium bis(trifluoromethanesulphonyl)imide (TFSI) was selected as counter anions for improved solubility and ionic conductivity. Ferrocene was chosen as the complementary material for its good solubility, low operating voltage, and chemical stability. The DPB-based ECD demonstrated excellent electrochromic properties even in normal air conditions.

Article analysis: