1. The Satsuma Rebellion of 1877 was a significant event in Japanese history, starting in Kagoshima and leading to the siege of Kumamoto Castle.
2. Monumenta Nipponica is an English-language academic journal that publishes original scholarly contributions on premodern and modern history, literature, art history, religion, and thought related to Japan.
3. Sophia University, established in Tokyo in 1913 by the Society of Jesus, is one of Japan's leading private universities with a multinational faculty and commitment to academic excellence.