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Article summary:

1. Heterocyclic amines (HAAs) are carcinogenic and mutagenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons formed after heat treatment of protein-rich foods.

2. Inula nervosa Wall., a medicinal and edible plant, contains electrophilic components that have the potential to inhibit HAAs.

3. Creatinine inhibitors with electrophilic groups, such as p-coumaric acid found in Inula nervosa, can significantly affect the content of total HAAs and AIAs heterocyclic amines in the system by inhibiting the precursor substance creatinine of HAAs.

Article analysis:


1. 该研究只针对显脉旋覆花(Inula nervosa Wall.)进行了实验,因此不能推广到其他植物或食品上。

2. 文章提到了显脉旋覆花中含有可能抑制HAAs的电子亲和性成分,但并未详细探讨这些成分的安全性和副作用。

3. 研究结果表明,在添加0.015%的显脉旋覆花提取物时,能够最大程度地抑制HAAs的生成。然而,在实际食品加工中,这种浓度是否安全和可行需要进一步研究。

4. 文章未探讨其他可能影响HAAs生成的因素,如温度、时间等。

5. 尽管文章提到了使用LC-MS/MS等技术进行检测和分析,但并未详细说明这些技术的优缺点以及误差范围。